Author: Fred Reish

Fred Reish

Fred Reish represents clients in fiduciary issues, prohibited transactions, tax-qualification and Department of Labor, Securities and Exchange Commission and FINRA examinations of retirement plans and IRA issues.

View the full bio for Fred Reish at the Drinker Biddle website.

Posts by Fred Reish:


Financial Services Industry’s New Regulation Best Interest Standard of Care

On June 5, 2019, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approved the Regulation Best Interest Final Package, the new disclosure requirements that accompany the financial services industry’s new Regulation Best Interest standard of care. In light of the significance of Regulation Best Interest (Reg BI) for the financial services industry, Drinker Biddle & Reath’s Best Interest Compliance Team is publishing a series of articles on the SEC’s finalized “Reg BI Package” of rules and guidance.

One of the four parts of that package is Form CRS − a mandate that broker-dealers and investment advisers with retail investors (natural persons, trusts or entities representing natural persons) provide a two-page relationship summary disclosing information about their firm before a new client enters an investment adviser’s agreement or engages the services of a broker-dealer, or in the case of an existing client when there is any material change in the nature and scope of the relationship.

This disclosure must be concise, direct and made in plain language, taking into consideration the level of financial experience of retail investors. The specifics of the disclosures made to the retail investor are prescribed by CRS Form 17-page Instructions, including what must be disclosed − length, order, and even in some circumstances the wording.

It would be impossible to summarize the lengthy requirements here; suffice it to say there are eight items mandated for coverage:

Item 1: Introduction

Item 2: Relationships and Services

Item 3: Standard of Conduct

Item 4: Summary of Fees and Costs

Item 5: Comparisons to be provided by standalone investment advisers and standalone broker-dealers

Item 6: Conflicts of Interest

Item 7: Additional Information

Item 8: Key Questions to Ask

Also, there are 10 questions, “conversation starters” that the SEC requires be placed in a different font to distinguish them from other information. The Instructions direct that the questions that do not apply to a particular firm should not be used and additional questions that are frequently asked of a particular firm may be included, not to exceed 14 questions. If the Form CRS is presented electronically it may include hyperlinks to information described in the firm’s disclosures; therefore, it is actually larger in scope than it first appears.

The content of the disclosures must be filed on Form CRS through IARD by investment advisers and through EDGAR by broker-dealers. Firms also should note that Form CRS’s disclosure requirements are in addition to, not instead of, firms’ disclosure and reporting obligations under federal and state law and self-regulatory organizations’ rules and procedures.

FINRA reminds its Members of their obligation to meet the Form CRS delivery obligations and provides them with SEC Staff names and telephone numbers for assistance.

NOTE For a more complete discussion of the Form CRS guidance, read “Reg BI, Form CRS: The TARDIS of Disclosure Requirements. 

Read a summary of the Final Package in our article “The Final Reg BI Package: What to Know and What’s Next”.

Nevada Proposes Fiduciary Regulations

Nevada has released a proposed regulation to regulate broker-dealers and their advisors as fiduciaries. In 2017, the state amended its securities law to provide that broker-dealers and investment advisers owe a fiduciary duty to their customers, but the change didn’t provide details on what that meant. Instead, the legislation required that a regulation be issued to explain and implement the change. Nearly a year and a half later, a proposed regulation has been released.

Continue reading “Nevada Proposes Fiduciary Regulations”

Alert: FINRA’s 529 Plan Share Class Initiative to Self-Report

On January 28, 2019, FINRA released its Regulatory Notice 19-04 announcing its 529 plan self-reporting initiative. This initiative is part of FINRA efforts to have broker-dealers promptly remedy potential supervisory and suitability violations related to recommendations of share classes for 529 plans. Continue reading “Alert: FINRA’s 529 Plan Share Class Initiative to Self-Report”

Recommending Rollovers in the Evolving Regulatory Environment (Part 3)

In Parts 1 and 2 of this post, we talked about the current and proposed rules applicable to rollover recommendations by broker-dealers and RIAs. Part 1 discussed the DOL and FINRA rules that apply now. In Part 2, we explained the SEC proposals. In this post, we talk about how to make a compliant rollover recommendation, regardless of which set of rules applies.

(“Rollover recommendation” refers to advice to a retirement plan participant to take a distribution of his or her account and roll it over to an IRA that is being advised by the broker-dealer or RIA.)

Continue reading “Recommending Rollovers in the Evolving Regulatory Environment (Part 3)”

Recommending Rollovers in the Evolving Regulatory Environment (Part 2)

In our first post on this topic, we discussed the existing rules that apply to rollover recommendations by broker-dealers and RIAs. This discussion included the ERISA guidance that remains after the 5th Circuit’s decision vacating the Fiduciary Rule, as well as FINRA’s Regulatory Notice 13-45. In this post, we focus on the SEC’s best interest proposals for broker-dealers and RIAs and where that may take firms in the future. In our next, and final, post in this series, we’ll talk about how to make a compliant rollover recommendation.

(As a reminder, by “rollover” recommendation, we mean a recommendation to a retirement plan participant to take a distribution of his or her account and roll it over to an IRA being advised by the broker-dealer or RIA.)
Continue reading “Recommending Rollovers in the Evolving Regulatory Environment (Part 2)”

Recommending Rollovers in the Evolving Regulatory Environment (Part 1)

With recent developments in the regulatory landscape – the demise of the DOL Fiduciary Rule, the SEC’s proposed Regulation Best Interest (Reg BI) and RIA fiduciary interpretation, and the existing FINRA guidance on rollovers – it’s important for firms to understand the rules for rollover recommendations. This article discusses the rules as they apply to both broker-dealers and RIAs. While there are similarities in the application, there are also material differences.   Continue reading “Recommending Rollovers in the Evolving Regulatory Environment (Part 1)”

Fiduciary Rule Myths

MYTH:  “Advisors must recommend the best available investment.”

We recently pointed out that under the DOL fiduciary rule, it’s a myth that advisors have to recommend the lowest cost investment. They don’t.

Here’s another myth about investment recommendations that isn’t true: advisors have to recommend the best investment to their customers. Presumably, this comes up because of the Impartial Conduct Standards in the Best Interest Contract Exemption (BICE). One of the requirements in those Standards is that a recommendation be in the best interest of the customer. This best interest requirement may lead some to think that advisors have to meet an essentially impossible standard. As with a lowest-cost recommendation, however, a mandate to recommend the best investment is a myth…it just isn’t true. Even the DOL has said so:

Continue reading “Fiduciary Rule Myths”